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Hi, my name is "Ozgur Eker" (CDCS). You can connect with me either via my contact form or Google Plus.
What is the difference between MAWB (Master Air Waybill) and HAWB (House Air Waybill)?

Master air waybill is a transport document which is issued by the air cargo carrier or its agent. House air waybill is a transport document which is issued by a freight forwarder.
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What is the difference between Air Waybill and Bill of Lading?

Air waybill is a transport document which is used in air shipments. Bill of lading is a transport document which is in sea shipments. 
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What is the difference between MBL (Master Bill of Lading) and HBL (House Bill of Lading)?

Master bill of lading is a transport document which is issued by a sea carrier or its agent. House bill of lading is a transport document which is issued by a freight forwarder.
What is a freight forwarder's bill of lading?


Freight forwarder's bill of lading is a transport document which is issued by a freight forwarder. It is also known as a house bill of lading.
What does freight forwarder's bill of lading not acceptable mean in a letter of credit?
Understanding the effects of disallowing a freight forwarder's bill of lading in export and import letter of credit transactions.
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What does "with recourse" and "without recourse" mean in international letter of credit transaction?
With recourse and without recourse are two terms defining whether or not the paying letter of credit bank shall claim refund from the beneficiary in case it could not get reimbursement from the issuing bank. 
Certified Commercial Invoice and Legalized Commercial Invoice
A certified commercial invoice is a commercial document, which is issued by the beneficiary of the letter of credit and certified by the chamber of commerce. Legalized invoice, in addition to chamber of commerce certification,contains a signature and stamp of an embassy. 
Legalized Commercial Invoice Sample
On this page I would like to share a legalized commercial invoice example. The invoice was prepaped in 2012 by one of Turkish manufacturer and exporter in accordance with the letter of credit that was issued by a Yemen bank.
Shipment Advice (Shipping Advice, Advice of Shipment)
A shipment advice is a commercial document , which is issued by the exporter, who is the beneficiary of the letter of credit, in order to give shipment details to the importer, who is the applicant of the letter of credit. 
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What does duplicate, triplicate mean in a letter of credit?
Understanding how many originals and copies of a document requested under a letter of credit.
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How to cancel a letter of credit?
According to letter of credit rules, a letter of credit should be issued in an irrevocable form, as a result it cannot be cancelled without the written consent of the beneficiary.
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How does a negotiable letter of credit work?
An exporter may receive payment under a letter of credit quite a long period of time especially when letter of credit is available not at sight, but certain period after shipment under usance letter of credit terms. 
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CDCS 2015 Examination Date
ifs University College, who is the management body of the CDCS certification, has announced the examination date of the 2015 CDCS exam.
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Which is the best insurance type that should be selected against non-delivery risks?
Institute Cargo Clause A (All risks), Institute Cargo Clause B and Institute Cargo Clause C are the main types of cargo insurance types used in international trade.
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The ICC Banking Commission has determined key working areas
Although ICC Banking Comission plays a key role in international trade finance,  it is not known by majority of the exporters and importers.
What are the risk for exporter if L/C demands all original B/Ls for delivery of goods?
Importers have to present at least one original copy of the bill of lading to the carrier's agent at the port of discharge in order to receive goods from the carrier if the bill of lading issued in negotiable form.
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Bank in Letters of Credit:
Banks play a key role in letters of credit transactions. They start and end the L/C operations. Without banks we cannot talk about any L/C transactions.
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