Document Issued or Countersigned by the Applicant: What are the Risks?

What are the risks of letters of credit which are payable with 90% at sight and 10% usance after consignee accepts the quality of goods?


What are the risks of a document which is to be issued, signed or countersigned by the applicant in a letter of credit transaction?

In some occasions importers would like to divide letter of credit payments into two or three parts in order to make sure that they will be receiving ordered goods in proper condition.

We call it mixed payments under letters of credit.

Mixed payments is used extensively in bigger projects such as capital machinery sales, construction plant installations etc.

On the below example I will be demonstrating a possible scenario as follows:

An exporter and importer have signed a sale contract which is stating that the payment will be done by an irrevocable letter of credit for 100% of the contract amount.

  • 90% of letter of credit amount will be paid at sight against complying shipping documents.
  • 10% of letter of credit value will be paid after the importer accepts the quality of goods by presentation of the installation certificate which is issued and signed by the authorized officers of the importer.

What are the risks of a document which is to be issued, signed or countersigned by the applicant in a letter of credit transaction?

Letters of credit issued with similar conditions as stated above may bring some uncertainties to the exporters, mainly because of the fact that they may not be able to secure their balance payment, which is payable after the acceptance of the goods by the importers.

Exporters may find these clauses confusing and risky. They may want to know what would be their risks under these kinds of letters of credit?

In order to answer this question properly once again we should check ICC’s view.

ICC banking commission explains their stance in this regard at the latest version of the International Standard Banking Practices publication which is known as ISBP 745.

ISBP 745 states that “a credit or any amendment thereto should not require presentation of a document that is to be issued, signed or countersigned by the applicant.

On the above example 10% of the balance payment requires presentation of a document issued and signed by the applicant, which is openly against the ICC’s stance.

Beneficiaries should remove such clauses from the letters of credit via amendments. If they fail to do so, they may increase their non-payment risk of the balanced payment.

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