What is 53a: Reimbursing Bank?
Field 53a: Reimbursing Bank is a field in MT 700 swift message type that specify the name of the bank which has been authorized by the Sender to reimburse drawings under the documentary credit. This may be a branch of the Sender or the Receiver, or an entirely different bank.
This is an optional field.
According to current letter of credit rules;
- if a credit states that reimbursement is to be obtained by a nominated bank (“claiming bank”) claiming on another party (“reimbursing bank”), the credit must state whether the reimbursement is subject to the ICC rules for bank-to- bank reimbursements in effect on the date of issuance of the credit or not.
- a reimbursing bank’s charges are for the account of the issuing bank. However, if the charges are for the account of the beneficiary, it is the responsibility of an issuing bank to so indicate in the credit and in the reimbursement authorization.
- If a reimbursing bank’s charges are for the account of the beneficiary, they shall be deducted from the amount due to a claiming bank when reimbursement is made.
- If no reimbursement is made, the reimbursing bank’s charges remain the obligation of the issuing bank.
Field 53a: Reimbursing Bank:
This field specifies the name of the bank which has been authorised by the Sender to reimburse drawings under the documentary credit. This may be a branch of the Sender or the Receiver, or an entirely different bank.
With the exception of a credit valid for negotiation, if there is a single direct account relationship, in the currency of the credit, between the Sender and the Receiver, the absence of field 53a means that this account relationship will be used for reimbursement.