Asian Development Bank Trade Finance Survey

Asian Development Bank conducted a survey in order to understand the lack of trade finance and its effects on the growth and job creation.


Published on 16.December.2014 – Trade Finance Survey reveals that significant amount of market gap exists between small and big size companies accessing for trade finance products even if the global economy has been recovering from the effects of last financial crisis.

Existing trade finance gap hinders both economic growth and job creation significantly.

Asian Development Bank Trade Finance Survey

In 2013, the global trade finance gap was estimated at $ 1.9 trillion. Of this gap, $1.1 trillion is in developing Asia (including India and the PRC). Banks reported a global rejection rate of trade finance applications of 29%.

Case studies of factoring, forfaiting and credit insurance providers reported similar global rejection rates at between 25%–40% of proposed transactions.

However, in the company surveys, only a very few proposals for these types of finance were reported and rejection rates for these were very low with factoring at 7%, forfaiting at 3%, and credit insurance at 5%.

This suggests that these forms of finance have considerable room to expand globally.

Geographically, much of the gap in trade finance happens within Asia. Asia registered the largest share of proposed transactions at 57% of the global total.

However, Asia also received the highest proportion (79%) of global rejected transactions (see Figure 1).

Asia’s BRICs countries – India and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) – registered the highest proportion (35%) of rejected transactions.

accepted and rejected trade finance transactions

Expected Impact of More Trade Finance Support on Production and Jobs

While it is impossible to disentangle the direct impact that trade finance has on economic growth and job creation, surveyed firms offer some insight into how better trade finance access would manifest in terms of these outcomes (Figure 2).

trade finance support and jobs

A 15% increase in access to trade finance would increase production by 22%. Respondents noted that a 15% increase in trade finance support would enable firms to hire 17% more staff.